|Title||Epidemiology and clinical consequences of occupational exposure to blood and other body fluids in a university hospital in Saudi Arabia.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Samargandy SA, Bukhari LM, Samargandy SA, Bahlas RS, Aldigs EK, Alawi MA, Al-Abdullah NA, Madani TA|
|Journal||Saudi Med J|
|Date Published||2016 Jul|
|Keywords||Adult, Aged, Blood, Body Fluids, Female, Hospitals, University, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Occupational Exposure, Saudi Arabia, Young Adult|
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiological characteristics, clinical impact, and adequacy of post-exposure management of occupational exposure to blood and body fluids (BBFs).
METHODS: Retrospective chart review of individuals reporting exposure to BBFs from 2007 to 2013 at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
RESULTS: The total number of exposures reported was 326 exposures, of which 302 (92.6%) exposures were percutaneous, 21 (6.5%), mucocutaneous, and 3 (0.9%), bites. Nursing staff/students had the highest rate of exposure (149, or 45.6%), followed by physicians (57, or 17.5%). Surgeons were found to have a significantly higher risk for sharp injuries compared with other physicians (26.3%, or 15 exposures, p less than 0.005). Most (216, or 72.5%) percutaneous injuries were caused by hollow-bore needles. Majority of exposures (124, or 42.6%) occurred after using the needle/sharp item and before disposal. Two-thirds (219, or 67%) of exposed individuals were immune to hepatitis B at the time of exposure. With appropriate post-exposure management, none of exposed individuals seroconverted to HIV, hepatitis B or C virus infections.
CONCLUSION: Occupational exposure to BBFs remains a concern among healthcare workers. Educational programs targeting high-risk groups entailing reinforcement of prevention and adherence to post-exposure management guidelines are needed.
|Alternate Journal||Saudi Med J|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC5018644|
Epidemiology and clinical consequences of occupational exposure to blood and other body fluids in a university hospital in Saudi Arabia.