|Title||Increased Risk of Velopharyngeal Insufficiency in Patients Undergoing Staged Palate Repair.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||McCrary H, Pollard SHatch, Torrecillas V, Khong L, Taylor HM, Meier J, Muntz H, Skirko J|
|Journal||Cleft Palate Craniofac J|
|Date Published||2020 08|
|Keywords||Child, Cleft Palate, Humans, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome, Velopharyngeal Insufficiency|
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of 2-stage cleft palate (CP) surgery on velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) incidence, speech surgeries, and cleft-related surgical burden.
DESIGN: Retrospective cohort with follow-up of 4 to 19 years.
SETTING: Academic, tertiary children's hospital.
PATIENTS: Patients who underwent CP surgery between 2000 and 2017. Exclusions included submucous CP or age at last contact under 3.9.
INTERVENTIONS: Cleft palate surgery, completed in either a single-stage or 2-stage repair.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Rates of VPI diagnosis and speech surgery and total cleft surgeries; tests, tests of proportion, and linear and logistic regression were performed. Total cleft-related surgeries were examined in a subset (n = 418) of patients with chart reviews.
RESULTS: A total of 1047 patients were included; 59.6% had 2-stage CP repair, 40.4% had single-stage repair. Approximately 32% of children with 2-stage CP repair were diagnosed with VPI, as opposed to 22% of single-stage patients ( < .001). Children with 2-stage CP repair were 1.8 times as likely to be diagnosed with VPI ( < .001). Speech surgery rates were similar across groups. Patients who had 2-stage repair received an average of 2.3 more cleft-related procedures, when excluding prosthesis management procedures.
CONCLUSION: Our data show an increased risk of VPI diagnosis and increased surgical burden among patients receiving 2-stage CP repair.
|Alternate Journal||Cleft Palate Craniofac J|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC8751621|
|Grant List||UL1 TR002538 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States|
Increased Risk of Velopharyngeal Insufficiency in Patients Undergoing Staged Palate Repair.
Jonathan Skirko, MD, MHPA, MPH