|Title||Pediatric Single-Sided Deafness: A Review of Prevalence, Radiologic Findings, and Cochlear Implant Candidacy.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Dewyer NA, Smith S, Herrmann B, Reinshagen KL, Lee DJ|
|Journal||Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol|
|Date Published||2022 Mar|
|Keywords||Child, Child, Preschool, Cochlear Implantation, Cochlear Implants, Female, Hearing Loss, Sensorineural, Hearing Loss, Unilateral, Hearing Tests, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Prevalence, Retrospective Studies, Tomography, X-Ray Computed|
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the prevalence, imaging characteristics, and cochlear implant candidacy of pediatric patients with single-sided deafness (SSD).
METHODS: An audiometric database of patients evaluated at a large tertiary academic medical center was retrospectively queried to identify pediatric patients (<18 years old) with SSD, defined as severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss in one ear and normal hearing in the other. Medical records of identified patients were reviewed to characterize the prevalence, etiology, and cochlear implant candidacy of pediatric patients with SSD.
RESULTS: We reviewed audiometric data obtained from 1993 to 2018 for 52,878 children at our institution. 191 (0.36%) had the diagnosis of SSD. Cochlear nerve deficiency (either hypoplasia or aplasia) diagnosed on MRI and/or CT was the most common etiology of SSD and was present in 22 of 88 (25%) pediatric SSD patients with available imaging data. 70 of 106 (66%) pediatric SSD patients with available imaging had anatomy amenable to cochlear implantation.
CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric SSD is a rare condition and the most common etiology based on radiology is cochlear nerve deficiency. High resolution imaging of the temporal bone is essential to determine cochlear nerve morphology prior to consideration of cochlear implantation.
|Alternate Journal||Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol|
Pediatric Single-Sided Deafness: A Review of Prevalence, Radiologic Findings, and Cochlear Implant Candidacy.
Nicholas Dewyer, MD