Predictive factors for decreased baseline quality of life in patients with sinonasal malignancies.

TitlePredictive factors for decreased baseline quality of life in patients with sinonasal malignancies.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsFleseriu CM, Beswick DM, Maoz SL, Hwang PH, Choby G, Kuan EC, Chan EP, Adappa ND, Geltzeiler M, Getz AE, Humphries IM, Le CH, Abuzeid WM, Chang EH, Jafari A, Kingdom TT, Kohanski MA, Lee JK, Nabavizadeh SA, Nayak JV, Palmer JN, Patel ZM, Pinheiro-Neto CD, Resnick AC, Smith TL, Snyderman CH, St John MA, Storm J, Suh JD, Wang MB, Wang EW
JournalInt Forum Allergy Rhinol
Date Published2023 Aug 30

BACKGROUND: The impact of sinonasal malignancies (SNMs) on quality of life (QOL) at presentation is poorly understood. The Sinonasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) and University of Washington Quality of Life (UWQOL) are validated QOL instruments with distinctive subdomains. This study aims to identify factors impacting pretreatment QOL in SNM patients to personalize multidisciplinary management and counseling.

METHODS: Patients with previously untreated SNMs were prospectively enrolled (2015-2022) in a multicenter observational study. Baseline pretreatment QOL instruments (SNOT-22, UWQOL) were obtained along with demographics, comorbidities, histopathology/staging, tumor involvement, and symptoms. Multivariable regression models identified factors associated with reduced baseline QOL.

RESULTS: Among 204 patients, presenting baseline QOL was significantly reduced. Multivariable regression showed worse total SNOT-22 QOL in patients with skull base erosion (p = 0.02). SNOT-rhinologic QOL was worse in women (p = 0.009), patients with epistaxis (p = 0.036), and industrial exposure (p = 0.005). SNOT extranasal QOL was worse in patients with industrial exposure (p = 0.016); worse SNOT ear/facial QOL if perineural invasion (PNI) (p = 0.027). Squamous cell carcinoma pathology (p = 0.037), palate involvement (p = 0.012), and pain (p = 0.017) were associated with worse SNOT sleep QOL scores. SNOT psychological subdomain scores were significantly worse in patients with palate lesions (p = 0.022), skull base erosion (p = 0.025), and T1 staging (p = 0.023). Low QOL was more likely in the presence of PNI on UW health (p = 0.019) and orbital erosion on UW overall (p = 0.03). UW social QOL was worse if palatal involvement (p = 0.023) or PNI (p = 0.005).

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate a negative impact on baseline QOL in patients with SNMs and suggest sex-specific and symptom-related lower QOL scores, with minimal histopathology association. Anatomical tumor involvement may be more reflective of QOL than T-staging, as orbital and skull base erosion, PNI, and palate lesions are significantly associated with reduced baseline QOL.

Alternate JournalInt Forum Allergy Rhinol
PubMed ID37646428
Grant List / / Natlie A. Cole-Reagins Foundation /
/ / International Society of Inflammation and Allergy of the Nose /
Faculty Reference: 
Christopher Le, MD, FACS