Proton therapy for head and neck paragangliomas: A single institutional experience.

TitleProton therapy for head and neck paragangliomas: A single institutional experience.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsKang KH, Lebow ES, Niemierko A, Bussière MR, Dewyer NA, Daly J, McKenna MJ, Lee DJ, Loeffler JS, Busse PM, Shih HA
JournalHead Neck
Date Published2020 04
KeywordsHead and Neck Neoplasms, Humans, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local, Paraganglioma, Extra-Adrenal, Proton Therapy, Retrospective Studies

BACKGROUND: Although slow growing, head and neck paragangliomas (HNPG) can cause significant morbidity. We evaluated the efficacy of proton therapy in the management of HNPG.

METHODS: Retrospective review of an institutional proton therapy experience of treating patients between 1997 and 2016; 37 patients and 40 tumors were included.

RESULTS: Proton therapy was delivered to a median of 50.4 Gy(RBE) (range: 45-68). Having a genetic/family predisposition for HNPG was associated with multifocal tumors (P = .02) and younger diagnosis age (P = .02). Twenty-six (70%) patients had symptom improvement posttreatment, and 65% of treated tumors showed ≥20% volumetric shrinkage. The 5-year recurrence-free and overall survival rates were both 97%. Grade 2 to grade 3 toxicities (54%) included subjective hearing impairment (19%), middle ear inflammation (14%), and dry mouth (8%). There were no grade 4-5 toxicities.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with HNPGs can be effectively and safely treated with proton therapy with excellent tumor control, successful volumetric tumor reduction, and symptomatic improvement.

Alternate JournalHead Neck
PubMed ID31850601
Faculty Reference: 
Nicholas Dewyer, MD