|Title||The Quest for a DISE Protocol.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||Mooney KL, Peterson MBrooks, Skirko JR, Friedman NR|
|Journal||Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg|
|Date Published||2021 Aug 17|
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this quality initiative project was to modify our existing institutional drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) protocol so that the surgeon could consistently determine obstructive breathing patterns while minimizing children's discomfort.
METHODS: A quality initiative study utilizing the well-described plan-do-study-act (PDSA) process was conducted at a tertiary hospital for children with polysomnogram-documented obstructive sleep apnea who were undergoing DISE. A 4-point Likert measurement tool was created. Change in each Likert rating with subsequent PDSA cycle was tested with the Wilcoxon rank sum test (Mann-Whitney), and change across all PDSA cycles was tested with the Kruskal-Wallis equality-of-populations rank test.
RESULTS: After a series of 4 PDSA cycles with 81 children, the DISE protocol was streamlined from 14 to 9 steps. There was significant improvement for all aspects of the DISE, with a final overall median rating of 1 (excellent) for intravenous (IV) placement, scope insertion, and anesthesiologist and surgeon satisfaction ( < .01).
DISCUSSION: For sleep surgeons, DISE is quickly becoming what bronchoscopy is to the airway surgeon. Utilizing inhalational agents to obtain IV access and insert the flexible scope in the rapid "on-off" fashion optimizes DISE success regardless of the primary sedation medication and allows ample time for these agents to dissipate.
IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Adoption of a DISE protocol that includes nasal premedication and inhalational volatile gases for IV and scope insertion at the onset provides a more predictable level of sedation that is well tolerated by the patient, enabling the otolaryngologist to create an obstructive sleep apnea treatment plan.
|Alternate Journal||Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg|
The Quest for a DISE Protocol.
Jonathan Skirko, MD, MHPA, MPH