Unilateral Hearing Loss in Youth: Development of Candidate Items for a Condition-Specific Validated Instrument.

TitleUnilateral Hearing Loss in Youth: Development of Candidate Items for a Condition-Specific Validated Instrument.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsPurcell PL, Edwards TC, Wisneski M, Chan DK, Ou H, Horn DL, Skirko JR, C Y Sie K
JournalOtolaryngol Head Neck Surg
Date Published2018 Aug 28

Objective This study interviewed youth with unilateral hearing, utilizing their responses to generate candidate items for a condition-specific patient-reported instrument. Study Design Mixed methods, cross-sectional. Setting Tertiary care children's hospital. Participants and Methods Youth with unilateral hearing loss and normal hearing in the contralateral ear were identified and recruited for participation through query of an audiometric database and through hearing loss clinics. Interviews with the youth were qualitatively analyzed to identify common themes and generate items related to functional impact. A multi-institutional expert panel reviewed items with prespecified item selection criteria. Participants rated items for impact on daily life. For preliminary criterion validity assessment, statistical analyses explored correlations between functional scores and type and severity of hearing loss. Results Thirty-nine youth aged 9 to 18 years with unilateral hearing loss participated; 31% used a hearing device. Fifteen youth participated in interviews; thematic analysis, item crafting, and expert panel item review resulted in 41 items. Twenty-six youth responded to the items, reporting low functional scores in the domains of sound localization, ear positioning, and noise environment. They reported better levels of function in carrying out group conversations, focusing on schoolwork, and feeling safe during activities. Multivariate linear regression found that youth scored 0.4 points (or approximately 8%) lower on the functional impact scale with every 20-dB HL increase in pure tone average in the abnormal ear. Conclusion Youth with unilateral hearing loss report functional impact, particularly related to sound localization, ear positioning, and noise environment; therefore, they may benefit from a condition-specific functional assessment instrument.

Alternate JournalOtolaryngol Head Neck Surg
PubMed ID30149769
Faculty Reference: 
Jonathan Skirko, MD, MHPA, MPH